Indigestion also called dyspepsia refers to a feeling discomfort or fullness while eating or after a meal. A burning sensation or pain in the upper abdomen may also be present. Heartburn is also generally present along with indigestion. Indigestion can affect anyone and it is a common ailment. Consumption of large amounts of alcohol, usage of certain drugs which may cause an irritation in the lining of the stomach or abnormalities in the digestive tract, obesity and issue such as anxiety or depression increase the risk of indigestion. Indigestion can be treated by controlling the diet and by using home remedies which are very helpful in providing relief from the symptoms of indigestion.
Indigestion is caused when the stomach acid irritates the lining of the stomach and the upper part of the bowel, or the esophagus causing pain and a burning sensation. It may also be due to over-sensitivity of the lining of the digestive system to acid. Factors like certain medications which relax the esophageal sphincter allow the acid to flow back, and affect the digestive tract. Increased pressure on the abdomen after a meal may lead to acid reflux in obese people. Stress and anxiety are also causes for indigestion. Hiarus hernia which pushes a part of the stomach into the diaphragm can lead to heartburn. Smoking, drinking and pregnancy can also cause indigestion.
Bloating, belching, gas, heartburn, acidic feeling, burning sensation in the stomach or upper abdomen, pain, growling in the stomach, nausea and vomiting are some of the symptoms of indigestion. An increase in the symptoms occur if the person is stressed.
Home remedies for Indigestion:
Adopting life style modifications and an appropriate diet along with home remedies can be used to treat indigestion.
- Avoid eating heavy meals. Eat lighter meals more number of times.
- Avoid food high in fat.
- Do not consume excess of alcohol as it can irritate the stomach lining.
- Stop smoking.
- While eating do not chew with the mouth open. This allows more air to go in and aggravates the symptoms of indigestion.
- Allow at least three hours between dinner and going to bed.
- Do not eat spicy food.
- Avoid wearing tight clothes as they can compress the stomach and may cause the contents to enter the esophagus.
- Reduce food high in acids such as citrus fruits and tomatoes.
- Do not consume foods which contain caffeine.
- Do not exercise with a full stomach.
- Drink plenty of water to keep the body hydrated.
- Sleep with your head and chest slightly raised than the feet.
- Mix a teaspoon of roasted and ground coriander seeds to a glass buttermilk and drink it.
- Chew on aniseed after a meal to provide relief.
- A teaspoon of ajwain seeds with a pinch of black salt is also a good remedy.
- Roasted and powdered cumin can be mixed with water and taken.
- Peppermint extract can be added to a glass of water and consumed.
- Herbal tea after meals can aid digestion.
- Add a teaspoon of baking soda to some water and drink for instant relief.
- Ginger juice can be mixed with honey and taken after a heavy meal to help in digestion.
- Aloe Vera juice can also be consumed for a soothing effect.
- Identify the trigger foods that cause indigestion and avoid them. Keep a diary and track your triggers.
- Bananas contain natural antacid and can help to reduce the symptoms.
- Apples can also be consumed an hour before bedtime to prevent discomfort.
- Being obese increases the risk of indigestion, therefore maintain a healthy weight.
- Almonds are an effective remedy to reduce heartburn.
Indigestion can cause severe discomfort and interfere with the daily activities of the person. However, it can be effectively controlled and treated by incorporating a suitable diet along with natural home remedies.