Infectious diseases are caused by the invasion of the body by disease causing agents like bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. These organisms multiply in the body and the body tissues react to the toxins produced by these organisms leading to diseases. These diseases are infectious and can be transmitted by direct or indirect contact. Infections caused by microbes can be of short duration, chronic and last for a months or years or they may be latent and manifest later. While most bacteria are harmless and less than 1% cause diseases, viruses attack specific cells in the body like the liver, blood, respiratory system etc. and lead to diseases. Infectious diseases can be controlled and treated by following certain precautions and using home remedies
Viruses cause a number of diseases. Common cold, flu and warts are the most common infections caused by viruses. HIV/AIDS, small pox and fevers like Ebola are also caused by viruses. Bacteria cause illnesses like strep throat, urinary infection and tuberculosis. Skin diseases like ringworm, athlete’s foot are caused by fungi. Parasites like mosquito cause malaria. Coughing, sneezing, person to person contact, contact with infected pets and livestock and touching surfaces which are infected like doorknobs, contaminated food and water lead to the spread of infections. They can also be passed on from mother to the child during pregnancy. The symptoms of infectious diseases vary as but there are some common symptoms like fever, diarrhea, fatigue and muscle aches.
Home remedies for Infections:
Infections can be prevented by adopting certain precautionary measures. Home remedies can also be used to treat infections.
- Always wash hands after using the toilet, before eating and preparing food to remove germs.
- Get vaccinations to reduce the chances of getting the disease.
- Take rest if you have an infection.
- Ensure that the food is prepared in a clean environment and refrigerate left overs appropriately.
- Do not share personal items like tooth brushes, towels, combs and drinking glasses.
- Drink plenty of fluids to keep hydrated.
- Do steam inhalation to ease nasal blocks and chest congestion.
- Echinacea herb boosts the immune system and helps to fight infections.
- Vitamin-C and zinc are also effective in fighting colds.
- Garlic has the ability to fight against germs and can be consumed.
- Drinking hot tea and chicken soup provides relief from infections like cold.
- Gargle with salt water for relief from throat infections
- Honey has properties which can combat cold. Consume a spoonful of raw honey.
- Ginger has antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties and can be used to treat cold and stomach infections.
- Probiotics have good bacteria and can be consumed to fight against bacterial infections. Yogurt contains probiotics.
- Aloe Vera can be topically applied or consumed to fight against bacterial skin infections, vaginal and urinary tract infections.
- Turmeric has antibacterial properties and can be applied on the infected area to fight against bacterial skin infections.
- Apple cider vinegar is very helpful in fighting bacterial infections and can be applied topically.
- Lemon can be consumed to fight against respiratory tract infections.
- Baking soda regulated the pH balance and can be used as a remedy for infections of the skin and intestinal tract.
- Tea tree oil can be used to combat vaginal and skin infections by applying it on the affected area.
- Cranberry juice in fighting vaginal infections. Drink a glass of unsweetened cranberry juice very day.
The spread of infections can be controlled by maintaining proper hygiene and natural home remedies are very helpful in providing relief from infectious diseases.