– Wash nasal passages
An effective home remedy for treating a sinus infection, or sinusitis, is washing the nasal passage by a saline wash or a neti pot. A saline wash further liquefies the mucus and thereby assists in removing it from the nasal passage. Additionally a saline wash / spray aids in moistening the passage. As an alternative, a slight deviation from saline solutions is the use of Dead Sea salts as nasal irrigators / sprays. The International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology quoted that the use of Dead Sea salts reduced the symptoms of a sinus infection and improved the overall quality of life. It further, quoted that Dead Sea salts appear to be as effectual as topical nasal steroids or saline drops.
– Try bromelain
Another home remedy for treating an episode of a sinus infection is the use of pineapples. Pineapples have bromelain, a protein and a compound that decreases the incidence of swelling. Research indicates that bromelain might also aid in treating an acute episode of a sinus infection. Consumption of pineapples enables deriving this compound for benefiting from it, by decreasing the swelling in the nasal passage. Alternatively, this compound may be consumed in form of health supplements. However, this compound might interact favorably / unfavorably with other medications being consumed and hence, should be sanctioned by a physician.
– Inhale steam
A relatively simple home remedy for treating a sinus infection is by inhaling steam. The warm vapors of water moisten the nasal passage. Use of some menthol or eucalyptus spray in the washroom is advised before taking a hot shower. This exercise liquefies the congested mucus and clears the nasal passage of obstructions thereby relieving the discomfort of a sinus infection.
– Stay hydrated
An effective home remedy against a sinus infection is adequate hydration. Consume sufficient water / fluids all through the day, to ensure that the sinuses remain moist. It is vital to abstain from diuretics like tea / coffee / alcohol. The requirement of fluids vary widely, though consuming 8 glasses of water every day, ensures adequate hydration. The color of urine, if clear, implies adequate hydration.
– Use humidifiers
Another home remedy against a sinus infection is using humidifiers in the immediate environment. Humidifiers can be programmed to increase the humidity levels and thereby ensure moistening the sinuses. However, humidifiers accumulate allergens in the form of molds that further aggravate a sinusitis and should therefore be cleaned periodically. Also, humidifiers need be used only if the humidity levels fall below 50%.
– Use compresses
A remedy that guards against a sinus infection is using a warm compress. To enable this fill a large bowl with boiling water. Breathe in the steam and wrap a towel over the head to disable it from escaping. This exercise keeps the nasal passage moist that facilitates in liquefying the congested mucus. A few drops of menthol / eucalyptus oil added to the water, might aid in a faster relief.
– Add spices
Spices added to meals contribute to zestiness apart from assisting in clearing the sinuses. There is a wide variety of spices that may be added to meals for taste / smell or both such as peppers, mustard, aniseed, asafetida, horseradish, curry / bay leaves, etc. While, some spices directly impact the liquefying of mucus, virtually all aid in clearing the nasal passage.
– Remove allergens
To prevent a sinus infection, it is vital to remove or minimize the allergens from the immediate environment such as dust, pollen, dander, etc. It may involve use of covers on pillows and comforters, restricting use of carpets / rugs, avoiding perfumed cosmetics, ensuring pets don’t share the bedroom, etc. Allergens aggravate a sinus infection and complicate recovery.
– Restrict antibiotics
Only a minute % of sinus infections are bacterial and antibiotics do not cure a viral infection. Besides, indiscriminate use of antibiotics leads to developing a resistance and encourage bacterial mutations. The Journal of the American Medical Association quoted that there was no difference between administering an antibiotic or a placebo, to treat a sinus infection.