Vertigo is that swirling and spinning sensation that one experiences, sometimes. Medically, this condition can be attributed to any of the following reasons:
- Problems in the inner ear.
- Sudden trauma.
- Head Injury.
- Tumour in the brain.
- Motion sickness.
- Cervical spondilytis.
- Thyroid inefficiency.
- High/ low blood pressure.
The following symptoms forebode / accompany vertigo:
- Drying of the mouth.
- A feeling of pressure building up in the ears.
- Head ache.
- Blind spots in the vision.
- Loss of balance.
- Low Blood Sugars.
Diagnosis which gets to the root cause of vertigo is very important to eradicate the disease. Where vertigo is attributed to serious causes, consultation with the physician and following required treatment are vital for recovery. However, when any serious underlying illness is ruled out , a patient of vertigo can go in for simple home remedies which can treat the problem and provide a long term solution.
- Rest and sleep:
- It is important to get the usual 7 to 8 hours of daily sleep. An upset sleep routine may cause restlessness, anxiety and vertigo.
- If falling asleep is a problem, retire to bed a good 15 minutes before the usual time and listen to calming music as you lie down. This practice helps to re-establish the sleeping cycle.
- Sugar and Water:
- This remedy is intended for patients who get bouts of vertigo due to low blood sugar level.
- Keep a little sugar candy, handy. When you sense the symptoms, chew the candy. This releases sugars into the blood and may help in offsetting the condition.
- If at home, in a glass of warm water, mix a teaspoonful of sugar and drink this. It would instantly energise the patient and helps in gtting rid of vertigo.
- The Epley Maneuver is a famous exercise for getting rid of vertigo which is caused due to problems in the inner ear. Exercise with caution and avoid jerky and sudden movements.
- In this, the patient is made to sit on the edge of the bed. He should turn his head about 45 degrees towards left. While so, he should lie down on the bed with a pillow placed strategically to support his shoulder. After resting in this position for 15 seconds, he should slowly turn his head, 90 degrees towards his right. Then, he should stay still for another 15 seconds. Now, he should turn his body towards his right slowly. Then, he should slowly sit up and relax.
- The same exercise can be repeated by turning the neck to the right side.
- Some more exercises are specified for persons prone to vertigo due to cervical problems. They should do delicate neck exercises which involve moving the neck towards the right and left, alternatively. The movements should be very gentle. After this, they need to bend their neck to look down (as much as possible, but without straining); then, the head should be raised slowly to look up. Some five repetitions in the beginning are sufficient.
- Making full circles through neck movements should be avoided – as this can create the sensation of vertigo.
- Similarly, eye exercises which are slow and rhythmic, should be practised.
Before starting on any exercise programme, it is necessary to learn them from an expert. Do not try them on your own or after watching instructional videos. The guidance of a teacher is necessary to learn the right way of doing these exercises.
Other ways to manage the condition:
- Chew on a piece of ginger when you get a hunch that a vertigo attack is about to happen.
- Sit down or if walking, hold on to some form of support.
- Eat protein and vitamin-rich food. This strengthens the body from within. Avoid all kinds of artificial food items.